The goal of stroke rehabilitation is to help patient relearn skills they lost when a stroke affected part of your brain. Stroke rehabilitation can help you regain independence and improve their quality of life. Stroke rehabilitation is an important part of recovery after stroke. The severity of stroke complications and each person's ability to recover vary widely.



Some people may experience only a temporary disruption of blood flow to the brain.

Stroke occurs when blood supply to brain is interrupted or reduced. This deprives oxygen and nutrients supplied to the brain, causing brain cells to die.

Stroke may be caused by the following:

Ischaemic stroke: The obstruction to blood flow is usually due to a thrombus or an embolism within The blood vessel

Haemorrhagic stroke: Haemorrhagic stroke is a type of stroke that follows bleeding in The brain

Haemorrhagic stroke: Haemorrhagic stroke is a type of stroke that follows bleeding in The brain

Transient Ischaemic attack: TIA is caused by same conditions that cause an Ischaemic stroke like thrombosis, embolism, or other conditions like arterial dissection, arteries or hypercoagulable states. TIA does not leave lasting symptoms because blockage is temporary

The risk factors include:


Sedentary life

Binge Drinking



High blood pressure

High cholesterol

Family history of stroke

Cardiovascular diseases

Age - people above age 55 are at higher risk

Gender - men are at high risk of stroke than women


Paralysis, loss of voluntary movement, or weakness that usually affects one side of the body, usually the side opposite to the side damaged by the stroke (such as the face, an arm, a leg, or the entire side of the body). Paralysis on one side of the body is called hemiplegia; weakness on one side is called hemiparesis.

Problems swallowing (dysphagia)

Loss of control of body movements, including problems with body posture, walking, and balance (ataxia)

Sensory disturbances, including pain

Pain, numbness, a feeling of heaviness in a limb, or odd sensations such as tingling or prickling in a paralyzed or weakened limb (called paresthesia). Numbness or tingling in a limb may continue even after recovering some movement.

Loss of bladder and bowel control and loss of mobility to reach a toilet in time. Permanent incontinence after a stroke is uncommon.

Problems using or understanding language (aphasia)

Problems with thinking and memory

Emotional disturbances


Control high blood pressure (hypertension).

Stop smoking.

Exercise regularly and maintain weight.

Lower cholesterol levels.

Check for heart disease.

Manage diabetes.