Parkinson's disease is a progressive nervous system disorder that affects movement. Symptoms start gradually, sometimes starting with a barely noticeable tremor in just one hand. Tremors are common, but the disorder also commonly causes stiffness or slowing of movement.



Parkinson's is caused by a combination of genes, environmental and lifestyle influences. The interaction of all three components determines if someone will develop Parkinson's.
Environmental risk factors associated with PD include head injury, area of residence, exposure to pesticides and more


Symptoms generally develop slowly over years. People with PD may experience:

Tremor, mainly at rest and described as pill rolling tremor in hands. Other forms of tremor are possible


Limb rigidity

Gait and balance problems


Risk Factors

Risk factors for Parkinson's disease include:

Age - People usually develop the disease around age 60 or older.

Heredity - Having a close relative with Parkinson's disease increases the chances that you'll develop the disease. However, your risks are still small unless you have many relatives in your family with Parkinson's disease.

Sex - Men are more likely to develop Parkinson's disease than are women.

Exposure to toxins - Ongoing exposure to herbicides and pesticides may slightly increase your risk of Parkinson's disease.


Parkinson's disease is often accompanied by these additional problems, which may be treatable:

Thinking difficulties

Depression and emotional changes

Swallowing problems.

Chewing and eating problems.

Sleep problems and sleep disorders.

Bladder problems.




Parkinson's disease can't be cured but manageable. Medications and physiotherapy can help to control your symptoms, often dramatically. In some more advanced cases, surgery may be advised.


Aerobic Exercise.

Balancing Exercises

Stretching Exercises

Strengthening Exercises

Proprioception exercises

Speech Therapy